According to international studies, the annual production of Hydrogen will reach about 750 MT by 2050. There are several ways to produce Hydrogen:
TOTAL HYDROGEN PRODUCTION 90 MT
STEAM CONVERSION OF NATURAL GAS 43,2 MT
COAL GASIFICATION 16,2 MT
REFORMING OF OIL AND LIQUID PETROLEUM PRODUCTS 27 MT
WATER ELECTROLYSIS 3,6 MT
Today in the World the main method of obtaining Hydrogen is the reforming of hydrocarbons, however, in the future, water electrolysis will become the most common. It provides pure Hydrogen 99.6% – 99.9% H2 and O2 in one process step. The economics of the process mainly depends on the cost of electricity. In the production costs for obtaining Hydrogen, the cost of electrical energy is approximately 85%. Given the pace of development of renewable energy sources (RES), it becomes obvious that in the near future the cost of Hydrogen production (due to water electrolysis) will be less than the cost of gasoline, diesel fuel, etc.