DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENTIFIC ACHIEVEMENTS AND INNOVATIVE PROJECTS FOUNDATION (FUND CNT)

"Transition to Hydrogen Energy is the main Key
to the Triumph of all Humanity"

The main problems of Hydrogen Aviation

The scores of attempts from all over the World to use the energy of Hydrogen as fuel aboard aircraft (AC), normally, have been confined to solving the problems of building more efficient systems for Hydrogen storage/transportation. At that, no efficient solutions have been ever found… There exist several reasons for that:

  1. Low content of Hydrogen and high weight of storage/transportation system (existing systems of storage/transportation not exceeding 8% wt);
  2. High cost of gas infrastructure aboard a plane (a couple of times higher than the cost of the existing fuel systems on kerosene);
  3. High demands to fire and explosion safety of using Hydrogen aboard AC.

A LITTLE HISTORY ABOUT GAS ENGINE AVIATION. THE FIRST HYDROGEN PLANE FLIGHT IN THE WORLD WAS TAKEN IN THE USSR ON APRIL 15, 1988.

MAIN PROBLEMS IN CRYOGENIC FUEL SYSTEMS

Layout drawing HYDROGEN-FUEL TU 155
view inside the aircraft cabin

If one looks at the internal arrangement of equipment for using cryogenic fuel (hydrogen) aboard Tu-155 plane, it falls into place right away that suchlike projects will be never implemented in mass production with the existing systems of storage/transportation of cryogenic fuel (hydrogen). More than half of the plane’s usable space is occupied by the system of storage/transportation of cryogenic fuel (hydrogen). At that, this system features an extremely low weight content of cryogenic fuel, e.g., for hydrogen it is around 7-8% wt. In turn this upgrading has provided for not more than 2 flight hours on cryogenic fuel (hydrogen), accordingly, the maximum flight range has amounted to about 1,700 km with cruise speed of 850 km/h (without taking into account the standard fuel system on kerosene).

 

Technical solutions for subsonic and supersonic aviation on hydrogen

CNT Technology can replace the honeycomb structure of the wing. At the same time, CNT will be both a hydrogen storage and a frame for the construction of an aircraft fuselage.

CNT advantages:

  • They are superior in strength to standard aluminum honeycomb fillers.
  • Can be of any geometric shape
  • The volumetric content of H2 is more than 60g/l
  • Mass content of H2 more than 40% wt.

CNT technology helps effect upgrading of the fuel system WITHOUT INTRODUCING CHANGES INTO MAIN STRUCTURES – PLANE FUSELAGE of both already operated and newly built AC in the production line. In this case the plane acquires the breakthrough more efficient flight performance.

ADVANTAGES OF APPLICATION OF CNT© TECHNOLOGY FOR AVIATION

- 100 %
Reduced aircraft weight by 51%
- 100 %
Reduced fuel consumption by 80%
+ 0 %
Increase engine thrust by 50%
100 km/sec
Increasing the limiting speed to M = 10 (Mach number)
+ 100 %
Increased flight range for subsonic aircraft
+ 100 %
Increased flight range for supersonic aircraft

CNT Technology helps improve weight, flight-and-technical and economical characteristics, of both subsonic and supersonic planes.

NOTE!!!:

CNT Technology completely solves the problem of asymmetric fuel consumption! A permanent ideally balanced center of mass of the fuel system (uniform distribution of mass of fuel due to Hydrogen gaseous condition).

CNT© TECHNOLOGY FOR ELECTRIC CARS

The application of CNT© hydrogen fuel cells instead of Li-ion, LiPo storage batteries will help provide the global technological breakthrough in the development of electric transport on the planet. Tesla Model X P90D electric car has been taken as a dramatic example of efficiency of CNT© technologies as compared with the existing Li-ion, LiPo storage batteries.

Tesla Model X P90D

(с Li-ion, LiPo Technology)

0 km
Power reserve
> 0 hours
Full charge time (220 V)
0 hours
Full charge time (380 V)
> 0 $
Battery cost
Efficiency of HYDROGEN FUEL

Tesla Model X P90D

(with CNT© Technology)

> 0 km
Power reserve
< 0 min
High pressure full charge time
< 0 min
Full charge time (cartridge system)
< 0 $
CNT© accumulator cost

The CNT© hydrogen fuel cells feature a number of advantages against Li-ion, LiPo:

  • Durable period of operation exceeding 100,000 hours;
  • Efficiency exceeding 95% (including energy of released heat);
  • Wide temperature mode of operation from t = +60 to -80°С;
  • Self-discharge effect at idle run is absent;
  • Complete explosion safety in cases of damage (e.g., during road accident);
  • High reliability and portability.